The ecology of tropical plant viruses

an Inaugural Lecture delivered at the University of Greenwich : 20th May 1998
  • 1.10 MB
  • English
Greenwich University Press , Chatham Maritime
Statementby Dr. J. Michael Thresh.
SeriesInaugural Lecture Series / University of Greenwich, Inaugural Lecture Series
ContributionsUniversity of Greenwich., Natural Resources Institute. Pest Management Department.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17326075M
ISBN 101861661037

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Details The ecology of tropical plant viruses FB2

Only valid for books with an ebook version. Molecular ecology, within 10 years, has unraveled the factors responsible for the emergence of several of the economically most important tropical plant viruses: Rice yellow mottle virus. Viral Ecology defines and explains the ecology of viruses by examining their interactions with their hosting species, including the types of transmission cycles that have evolved, encompassing principal and alternate hosts, vehicles, and vectors.

It examines virology from an organismal biology approach, focusing on the concept that viral infections represent areas of overlap in the ecology of viruses, their hosts, and their vectors. Abstract. In recent decades ecology has become one of the dominant themes of the biological sciences.

However, this has not always been so as the subject emerged from the specialiCited by: The genomes of viruses comprise a basic unit of replication-associated protein(s) and coat proteins to which are added modules including those that facilitate virus movement within the plant and between plants and defense against the host defense systems.

An appreciation of the risks caused by emergent plant viruses is critical in tropical areas that rely heavily on agriculture for subsistence and rural livelihood.

Molecular ecology, within 10 years, has unraveled the factors responsible for the emergence of several of the economically most important tropical plant viruses: (RYMV), Cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs), Cited by: The numerous photographs and line illustrations, and the large reference section, qualify this book as a field guide and reference for workers in tropical and temperate research.

The fascinating ecology and natural history of these bees will also provide absorbing reading for other ecologists and naturalists. This book was first published in Reviews: 1. As plants make up over 80% of the biomass on Earth, plant viruses likely have a larger impact on ecosystem stability and function than viruses of other by: 9.

Plant viruses follow one or more of the pathways shown when they spread between plants. A virus may be retained within a crop cultivar either by vegetative propagation (pathosystem 1; see) or by pollen or seed transmission (pathosystem 2); it may spread by mechanical transmission (pathosystem 3).

Since the publication of the first edition of this book ten years ago, international research into the physiological ecology of plants in the tropics has increased enormously in quantity and quality.

This brand new edition brings the story right up to date. New approaches have been developed in remote sensing while at the other end of the scale Format: Hardcover.

The current prominence and status of ecology is reflected in the series of Inaugural Lectures of which this is a part. It is concerned with the ecology of tropical plant viruses and Professor Cheke also adopted an ecological approach in his presentation on river : J.

Michael Thresh. To cover these recent findings, The ecology of tropical plant viruses book new text book in plant virology is most welcome.

This book is a translated and updated version of a French book from (Principes de Virologie Végétale, INRA, Paris). It describes in 15 chapters different aspects of plant virology, comprising the three sections: the virus, the cell and the plant; the virus Author: Anders Kvarnheden.

Ecology of Plants in the Tropics Daniel H. Janzen. 1 Vegetative Biology Introduction The vegetative parts of a tropical plant, just as with a tem- perate zone plant, are primarily adaptive in the context of gathering, storage, and manipulation of resources.

These activities are carried outFile Size: KB. The epidemiology of plant virus diseases is concerned to the cyclical development of diseases within the plant populations in time and space. Aspects like disease gradients, progress curves, spatial dynamics and meta-populations, systems analysis and simulation models are also discussed in by: 1.

This website hosts information about my books Ecology of the Planted Aquarium (3rd Edition, ) and Family History of a Doctor’s Daughter (). The ‘Planted Aquariums’ page also has my articles (free PDF downloads) on aquatic plants, planted tanks, tropical fish diseases, guppy breeding, etc.

****Fantastic bargain. BOTH books for only $ (includes shipping and. There will not be an official textbook for the course. However for those interested in a book, Plant Virology by R.E.F Matthews will be useful. This book covers the topics of the course and much more.

This book and other plant virology books will be available in the laboratory (A). But please do not remove any book from the Size: 22KB.

Ticks are vectors of several pathogens that can be transmitted to humans and their geographic ranges are expanding. The exposure of ticks to new hosts in a rapidly changing environment is likely to further increase the prevalence and diversity of tick-borne diseases.

Although ticks are known to transmit bacteria and viruses, most studies of tick-borne disease have focused upon Cited by: 7. This book provides a comprehensive look at the field of plant virus evolution.

Individual chapters, written by experts in the field, cover plant virus ecology, emerging viruses, plant viruses that integrate into the host genome, population biology, evolutionary mechanisms and appropriate methods for analysis.

And today I'd like to talk about the fundamentals of virus ecology and evolution. This is not designed to be a comprehensive overview, but rather an introduction to the very many ways that viruses interact with other organisms, and how they evolve on the planet.

An appreciation of the risks caused by emergent plant viruses is critical in tropical areas that rely heavily on agriculture for subsistence and rural livelihood. Molecular ecology, within 10 years, has unraveled the factors responsible for the emergence of several of the economically most important tropical plant viruses: (RYMV), Cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs).

This book is the most comprehensive survey of tropical plants in a single publication to date. Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants brings together over 3, species of tropical plants selected to reflect the major plant groups in the tropics all over the world.

It uses the most up-to-date nomenclature and systematics and arranges the species in /5(30). Best Fiction Books About Diseases or Viruses Books that deal with the spread of a virus or deadly illness that affects the world in a big way All Votes Add Books To This List.

1: The Stand by. Stephen King (Goodreads Author) avg rating —ratings. score: 4, and 44 people voted. The Ecology of Disease. THERE’S a term biologists and economists use these days — ecosystem services — which refers to the many ways nature supports the human endeavor.

Forests filter the water we drink, for example, and birds and bees pollinate crops, both of which have substantial economic as well as biological value. Other mechanisms include a role of invasive plants in the ecology of plant virus vectors. One study showed that an invasive grass species resulted in increased populations of the aphid vector for plant viruses that was detrimental to a native grass species.

Another alternative, not described in the literature but quite plausible, is that. Deshmukh wrote his book with the aim of providing a thoroughly up to date and comprehensive introduction to tropical ecology for undergraduates (one must hope for translations, at least into Spanish, French and Portuguese, if the book is to reach its intended wide audience of students in tropical countries).

The International Committee for the Taxonomy of Viruses recognized a global total of about 2, species of viruses as of [].However, data on viruses that infect terrestrial organisms, including plants, are sparse, and recent sequencing of samples from marine environments for viruses suggests that 2, is a gross underestimate of the total number of viral species on Cited by: Tropical East Asia is home to over one billion people and faces massive human impacts from its rising population and rapid economic growth.

It has already lost more than half of its forest cover to agriculture and urbanization, and has the highest rates of deforestation and logging in the tropics. Habitat loss, coupled with hunting and the relentless trade in wildlife products. The salicylic acid pathway is one of the primary plant defense pathways, is ubiquitous in vascular plants, and plays a role in rapid adaptions to dynamic abiotic and biotic stress.

Its prominence and ubiquity make it uniquely suited for understanding how biochemistry within plants can mediate ecological consequences. Induction of the salicylic acid pathway has primary effects on the plant Author: Camila C.

Filgueiras, Adalvan D. Martins, Ramom V. Pereira, Denis S. Willett.

Description The ecology of tropical plant viruses PDF

Plant and Insect Viruses in Managed and Natural Environments: Novel and Neglected Transmission Pathways Roger A.C. Jones 7. Evolutionary Determinants of Host and Vector Manipulation by Plant Viruses Kerry E.

Mauck, Quentin Chesnais and Lori R. Shapiro 8. Emerging Viruses in Bees: From Molecules to Ecology. Tropical Forest Ecology A View from Barro Colorado Island Egbert Giles Leigh, Jr. In Tropical Forest Ecology, Egbert G.

Leigh, Jr., one of the world's foremost tropical ecologists, introduces readers to the tropical forest and describes the intricate web of interdependence among the great diversity of tropical plants and ng on the tropical forest of Barro Colorado.

How to Dispose of a Diseased Plant. Many plant diseases can quickly return if the dead plant matter isn’t properly disposed of. In fact, most fungal, bacterial and viral plant diseases are spread naturally by wind currents, rain, soil seeds, insects and other animals.

Others can survive on nearby dead plants or infected gardening tools.--Patterns of diversity within Tropical East Asia --Subdividing Tropical East Asia --Island biogeography.

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4 The ecology of plants: from seed to seed: Plant phenology --Pollination --Seed dispersal --Gene flow by pollen and seeds --Seed predation and seed pathogens --Germination and seedling establishment --The seedling stage --Sapling to adult.About this book.

Includes an outline of the taxonomy of viruses. Contents 1. Viruses and Host Cells. 2. Getting In: Attachment, Penetration and Uncoating. 3. Expression and Replication of the Viral Genome in Prokaryotic Hosts.